Whether you are working on an old project or just need to grab some screws from a drawer, it’s important that you know how to read a Screw Size chart. These charts can be confusing, but if you know how to read them you will have no problem selecting the right screw for your needs.
There are a few different things to look for on any screw size chart, but most of them will include three things: the screw gauge (which refers to the diameter of the screw shaft) the thread count (which tells how many threads are per inch on the screw) and the length of the screw. Screw sizes are typically listed in inches for imperial screws, while metric screw measurements are typically listed in millimeters.
The first number on the Screw Size chart refers to the screw’s gauge, which is also known as its major diameter. This number is usually listed as a one or two digit number, with larger numbers indicating a larger screw diameter. Screw sizes range from 0 through 16, with the higher numbers used for more heavy duty projects. For example, a #4 screw is 7/64 of an inch in diameter and is available in various lengths. It is commonly used in craft projects and light woodworking.
Most screw sizes also include a second number, which refers to the number of threads per inch on the screw. Thread counts typically range from 1 to 32, with higher numbers indicating more threads per inch. For example, a #6-32 screw has 32 threads per inch and is generally used in electrical applications.
Screw sizes are often grouped into sets, with each set being designed for a specific purpose. For example, a standard VESA mount pattern for flat display monitors requires screws with a certain head size and length. Screws with a countersunk head are also commonly used in product design, as they provide a flush appearance on the surface of the product and can help create aesthetically pleasing products.
It is also important to consider the length of the screw when selecting a new one. A general rule of thumb is that the screw should enter at least half the thickness of the material it is going into. If the screw is much shorter than this, it may not anchor properly. On the other hand, a screw that is too long can easily damage the opposite side of the material that it is entering.
Finally, the third number on a Screw Size chart refers to the screw’s length. This number can be tricky to determine, as the length can vary depending on the manufacturer and type of screw. For instance, a screw that is described as “short” might actually be longer than a screw that is described as being “long.” The most accurate way to determine a screw’s length is to use a tape measure. This can be done by placing the end of the tape measure on the end of the screw and then measuring from this point to the tip of the screw head. 5/16 inch to mm